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Universal Beam

A universal beam, also known as an I-beam or H-beam, is a structural steel member with a distinctive "I" or "H" shape. It is widely used in construction and engineering applications for providing structural support in buildings, bridges, and various structural frameworks.

Key Features:

  1. Material: Universal beams are typically made from high-quality structural steel, often conforming to relevant industry standards and specifications, ensuring strength, durability, and load-bearing capacity.

  2. Shape: The cross-sectional shape of a universal beam resembles an "I" or "H," with a vertical web connecting two horizontal flanges. The proportions of the flanges and web can vary depending on the beam's size and intended application.

  3. Standard Sizes: Universal beams are available in a range of standard sizes, each designated by its depth (measured vertically) and weight per unit length (e.g., UB 203 x 133 x 25, indicating a beam with a depth of 203 mm, flange width of 133 mm, and weight of 25 kg/m).

  4. Load-Bearing Capacity: Universal beams are designed to carry vertical loads, including the weight of structures and applied loads such as live loads and wind loads.

  5. Versatility: Due to their strength and versatility, universal beams find applications in various structural elements, including columns, beams, roof supports, and building frames.

  6. Weldability: Universal beams are typically weldable, allowing for ease of connection and fabrication during construction.

  7. Finish: Universal beams may be supplied in various finishes, including bare steel, primed, or coated with protective finishes to enhance corrosion resistance.

  8. Certification: Many universal beams are accompanied by material certification that confirms compliance with industry standards and specifications.


Universal beams are used in a wide range of construction and structural engineering applications, including:

  • Building frames and support structures
  • Bridge construction
  • Industrial buildings
  • Residential construction
  • Commercial construction
  • Mezzanine floors
  • Structural columns and beams
  • Roof trusses and supports

Installation: Universal beams are typically installed by skilled steelworkers and welders in accordance with structural engineering plans and specifications. Proper connections, welding, and bracing are essential for the safe and effective installation of universal beams.

Maintenance: Maintenance of universal beams primarily involves inspecting them for signs of wear, corrosion, or structural damage. Any issues should be addressed promptly to ensure the continued structural integrity of the building or framework.

Manufacturer's Specifications: Specific product specifications, including dimensions, weight per unit length, and load-bearing capacity, may vary based on the manufacturer and the specific type of universal beam. It is essential to consult the manufacturer's product documentation for detailed information about a particular Universal Beam model. Additionally, adherence to local building codes and engineering standards is crucial when specifying and installing universal beams in construction projects.

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